Steel surging

Written by Gary Gardner

Steel is o­ne of the most extensively recycled materials, and demand for recycled steel is growing.  Global steel production in electric arc furnaces--steelmaking technologies fed almost exclusively by scrap--increased 37% between 1994 and 2003, outpacing total steel output.  Cars are a common source of old steel scrap.  Indeed, in 2003 the U.S steel industry recycled more steel from cars than it used to produce new o­nes, giving autos a recycling rate of 103%.  90% of appliances and 60% of steel cans were recycled that year.

Gary Gardner, Vital Signs 2005, p.52.

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