Written by Mark Halle

The environmental community has been among those most suspicious of the multilatereal trading system and has often been in the front lines against NAFTAm the WTO, the Free Trade Area of the Americas, etc.  There are several reasons for this.  The trade rules embodied in the WTO seem much stronger--and the compliance mechanisms much stronger--than the equivalent environmental rules, whther at the national or international level.  Attempts to extend trad policy to cover srvices (such as water supply, forestry, protected area management smack of an attempt to privatize what the environmental community regards as public goods.  Finally, early trade disputes decided by GATT appeared to attack the ability of states to harness the power of the market to advance environmental goals.

Mark Halle, State of the World 2008, p.199. 

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